Lifestyle,  Muslim Heritage

The Jamdani Story

Jamdani is referred to Saris worn by Bangladeshi and people worn by people from the Indian Sub contienient.

A sari or saree is dress worn by women since 1800 BC in India. This dress is worn by women from India,Bangladesh,Pakistan, Nepal and Sri Lanka.

The word sari comes from the Sanskirit work satika. This happens to be national dress of women of Bangladesh and India.

There are in fact three parts when wearing sari :

  1. Sari
  2. Petticot
  3. Blouse.

In fact Blouse came in British times , and before the British they actually did not wear a blouse.

A Indian woman wearing Sari.

Jamdani is a special type of Sari found in Bangladesh. It has a royal’ tag to it or being classy. If you are looking to gift some one a sari you ought to give a Jamdani.

History of Sari

We talk about Jamdani sari. A type of sari found in Bangladesh also known as Dhakai. There was time I was wondering why they call it a city’s name. Dhaka and Dhakai?

The mention of Jamdani can be found in the very intelligent minister of the Maurya Dynasty in India which was founded by Chandra Gupta Maurya.

This well known dynasty lasted from 322 BCE to 184 BCE. Chanakya was well known minister of Chandra Gupta Maurya who had great achievements to his record.

He bought Ashoka (grandson of Chandra Gupta Maurya )to the spotlight and he to his credit had lot of achivemennts.

It is necessary to make a full post on him.

He can be compared to Nizamul Mulk Abu Ali Hasan ibn Ali Tusi who served under Alp Arslan and his son Sultan Melik .Shah.

Turkish Serial on Seljuks

Chanakya mentions sari in his book :Artha Shastra work on economy.

Similarly Nizamul Mulk Abu Hasan or Hace is known for his work Siyastnama

But also mention is found in book of of Periplus of the Erythraean Sea. James Taylor calls it Jamdani Muslin and the export of Dhakiya muslin to United Kingdom in 1787 was 3 Million Rupee.

This was the reason the British stopped weaving of Muslin but that is another story.


The word Jam dani means flower cloth ,is of Persian origin. It is a fabric ,as well as style of weaving.

Bengal was one unified state but it was divided into two by the British. The reason might have been the lucrative trade of Bengal. The production of muslin and Jamdani.

The types of Jamdani weaving are :

Dhakai Jamdani(Bangladesh)

These saris are the finest of Jamdani Saris from Bangladesh. A sari could take from 9 months to a year to complete.

Tangail Jamdani(Bangladesh)

These saris are woven in Tangail district with broad borders and exclusive workmanship.

Shantipur Jamdani (West Bengal,India)

These are woven in Shantipur ,West Bengal. It looks as if they are in another country. Actually both Bangladesh and West Bengal were one known as Bengal.

Dhaniakhali Jamdani (West Bengal,India)

Dhaniakhali is a place in Hooghly ,where saris are produced along with embroidery work. This type have work have bold colors and contrasting borders.

A great souvenir to take from Bangladesh or India.

Birth of Jamdani

Jamdani originated in Sonargaon and thanks to Muhammad bin Tughlaq. He brought weavers from Persia aalong with local weavers they came up with an artistic masterpiece sari, called Jamdani.

Sonargaon, ancient capital of Bengal

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A well travelled writer from Indian sub continent.

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